【作者】 秦传新 陈丕茂 贾晓平

【Author】 QIN Chuan-xin1,2,CHEN Pi-mao1,2,JIA Xiao-ping1,2(1South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Fishery Science,Guangzhou 510300,China;2Ministry of Agriculture Key Field Scientific Experimental Station of South China Sea Fishery Resources and Environment,Guangzhou 510300,China).

【机构】 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所; 农业部南海渔业资源环境重点野外科学观测试验站

【摘要】 基于深圳杨梅坑人工鱼礁区2008年的研究和统计数据,采用生态系统服务价值方法,系统分析了杨梅坑人工鱼礁建设对海洋生态系统的影响.结果表明:与深圳附近海域相比,杨梅坑人工鱼礁构建后旅游娱乐服务价值所占比例由87%降至42%,食品供给服务价值所占比例由7%升至27%,原材料供给、气候调节、空气质量调节、水质净化调节、有害生物和疾病的生物调节与控制、知识扩展服务价值所占比例少许提高;2008年,深圳杨梅坑人工鱼礁区单位面积服务价值为1714.7万元.km-2,远高于深圳市近海海洋生态系统的平均值和全球近海生态系统的平均值.人工鱼礁生态系统影响并改变了区域海洋生态系统服务价值结构,提高了区域生态系统服务价值,对于合理开发与利用海洋资源、修复受损的海洋生态环境和渔业资源有着重要意义.利用生态系统服务价值方法对人工鱼礁构建区进行评价,可以更好地反映人工鱼礁构建效益,能有效促进我国人工鱼礁建设的发展、提高海洋生态系统管理水平. 
 

【Abstract】 Based on the researches and statistic data of Yangmeikeng artificial reef region in Shenzhen in 2008 and by the method of ecosystem services value,this paper analyzed the effects of artificial reef construction in the region on the marine ecosystem services.After the artificial reef construction,the tourism service value in the region decreased from 87% to 42%,food supply service value increased from 7% to 27%,and the services value of raw material supply,climatic regulation,air quality regulation,water quality regulation,harmful organism and disease regulation,and knowledge expansion had a slight increase,as compared to the surrounding coastal areas.The total services value per unit area of Yangmeikeng artificial reef region in 2008 was 1714.7×104 yuan·km-2,far higher than the mean services value of coastal marine ecosystem in the surrounding areas of Shenzhen and in the world.Artificial reef construction affected and altered the structure of regional marine ecosystem services value,and improved the regional ecosystem services value,being of significance for the rational exploitation and utilization of marine resources and the successful recovery of damaged marine eco-environment and fish resources.Utilizing the method of ecosystem services value to evaluate artificial reef construction region could better elucidate the benefits of artificial reef construction,effectively promote the development of our artificial reef construction,and improve the management of marine ecosystem. 还原


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